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Best Plate Trees 2018 – [Buyer’s Guide]Last Updated February 1, 2018
Best Plate Trees of 2018
I have a variety of material used in the construction of plate trees including metal, plastic, and glass. The best plate trees will make your fairytale dreams come true!
Come with me. The rating is based on multiple factors: The 3 metrics ‐ Design, Materials, Performance, and other indicators such as: Popularity, Opinions, Brand, Reputation and more.
Test Results and Ratings
Why did this plate trees win the first place?
The product is very strong. Its material is stable and doesn’t crack. I really enjoy the design. It is compact, comfortable and reliable. And it looks amazing! I don’t know anything about other models from this brand, but I am fully satisfied with this product. I was completely satisfied with the price. Its counterparts in this price range are way worse.
Why did this plate trees come in second place?
I really liked it. It is amazing in every aspect. It did even exceed my expectations for a bit, considering the affordable price. I like this product. For such a low price, I didn’t even hope it to be any better. It’s decently made. The design quality is top notch and the color is nice. Seems that the material is good. It has a very beautiful color but I don’t really like the texture.
Why did this plate trees take third place?
It doesn’t squeaks nor bents. Looks great in my apartment. I liked the design. We’ve been using it for 2 months and it still looks like brand new. This price is appropriate since the product is very well built. I hope that the good reputation of the manufacturer will guarantee a long-term work.
Plate Trees Buyer’s Guide
Let’s look at how to store your bike indoors.
Without a proper storage solution things can get ugly pretty quickly
There are many permanent bike storage solutions that mount to walls or ceilings, but if you’re renting this could prove problematic. With this in mind, we’ve divided our guide into two distinct sections — permanent and non-permanent — with permanent options needing to be bolted or screwed in place.
Here we’ve focused on functional and readily available solutions, but it’s worth keeping in mind that putting a little ingenuity and a trip to the hardware store to use is always an option.
Also, for many people the floor remains the cheapest and most suitable option. Axle and wheel racks are readily available, which will keep the bikes upright.
Permanent storage solutions
This is a good route if you own your home and have a solid wall or ceiling that can support weight and fixtures.
Permanent type racks are generally the cheapest option and allow for a great deal of tweaking to suit your fleet of bikes. We’ve designated permanent racks simply by the orientation they hold the bike: vertical or horizontal.
Holding the bike by a single wheel, this method is best for storing bikes where width is an issue, but depth is not. It’s the most effective means of storing multiple bikes together and is commonly used in many bike shop workshops.
Generic hooks can be bought cheaply at hardware stores, but Park Tools offers these vertical hooks in a range of sizes that’ll even accommodate fat bikes
Taking the basic vertical wheel hook one step further, there are many options like these that offer a backing plate for the tyre and have secure anchor points. The PRO bike rack (left) and Delta Cycle Leonardo are popular choices
More advanced and secure options include those that bolt to the wall with multiple points of attachment and feature a built-in backing plate, such as models from PRO, Topeak and X-Tools to name a few.
If you’re looking for a permanent vertical hook, the SteadyRack comes at a premium, but is superb
Lastly, the ultimate is something like the SteadyRack (read our review here), which holds the outside of the wheel and will not mark the rim.
Its unique design allows you to swing the bike nearly 180 degrees to get access to others or have the bike sit closely against the wall. The downside? This rack isn’t cheap, especially if you want more than one.
If vertical storage is best for when width is an issue, horizontal storage is ideal for when depth of space is the concern.
Generally holding the bike underneath the top tube, this method requires more wall space.
This rack from IceToolz is an example of a basic permanent-horizontal rack
Basic options include foldable hangers that bolt to the wall, with more expensive options taking the design concept further and creating something that is visually appealing.
Brands such as Feedback Sports offer models with adjustable hooks to fit a variety of frame shapes, while other brands offer racks that double as shelves.
Bicycle hoist systems are handy if you’re looking to store bikes in roof space
For those with plenty of ceiling or wall space out of easy reach, there’s the hoist system.
They’re commonly found in hardware stores to be used for items such as ladders and kayaks, but also work well with a bicycle.
Generally, they are best for people that see cycling as an occasional pastime, rather than a lifestyle — it’s not the quickest system to use and installation is more involved than mounting a fixed hook or bracket.
The most common type of non-permanent off-the-floor rack is the pole type that clamps between floor and ceiling.
Ceiling-to-floor racks are a strong solution for rental properties. The Feedback Sports Velo Column (left) and Topeak Dual-Touch are both great options, with the Velo column being a little more stylish and the Topeak offering a firmer hold against the ceiling
Most common examples are the Feedback Sports Velo Column and Topeak’s Dual-Touch.
These use either a spring or hinge to lock in place, but can easily be removed if needed. Generally, these racks will hold two bikes, with the option to hold a further two with aftermarket kits.
Bowflex patented this resistance with their Power Rod technology. Force is applied according to the extension and positioning of the rods, which store more tension as the muscle contracts.
The amount of resistance generated is also determined by the diameter of the power rods. Smaller diameter rods provide lbs of resistance, while the 4lb upgrade set provides 50 lbs per rod.
Weight increments for the Bowflex PR home gyms are smaller than most selectorized systems. The only downside is the extra time it takes to connect the correct combination of Power Rods.
The material they’re made from reduces the product weight considerably. That’s because you don’t have to load Olympic weight plates or use a weight stack tower (selectorized).
This also makes it easier to upgrade the resistance, with 3lb and 4lb upgrade sets available. These are compatible with many of the Bowflex home gyms, including the Ultimate, Xtreme, Xceed, Sport, and Blaze models.
Combining the power rods with one more anchor point for the cable pulleys also gives you choice when it comes to the range of motion for each exercise.
Protective Home Gym Flooring and Shipping Options
Home gyms and functional trainers are by far the heaviest type of fitness equipment you can own.
Machines like the Inspire Fitness Ft2, can have multiple 150 lb weight stacks, not to mention the frame weight. You might also need to factor in the weight of an adjustable bench that accompanies it.
For the leverage home gyms, the weight can be even higher. The Powertec Workbench Multi System has a 500 lb capacity on the pressing arm, plus any plates you have loaded on the other stations. Add the weight of the frame, and you can be looking at several thousand pounds.
Having that much weight pressing down on your floor can quickly lead to damage. Thick floor pad tiles can help to avoid this.
Quick and easy to install, home gym flooring is relatively inexpensive. Tiles measuring half an inch thick should provide adequate protection in most cases.
Multiple machines in one
Most commercial gyms have weights machines that use a single stack of weight plates to create resistance. The level of resistance is controlled by a pin, which you can move to select the weight.
The problem is, most machines support just one exercise. Some great examples are the leg extension, preacher curl bench, shoulder press, and hack squat.
This often allows you to perform a much wider range of exercises, still using a single weight stack. It’s also a much more efficient use of space.
Having multiple workout stations is ideal if you have a training partner, as they allow for or even people to use the equipment at the same time.
You can even find multi-station home gyms with removable FID (Flat, Incline, Decline) benches. This can be a great way to combine your home gym workout with adjustable dumbbells and free weights.
Combine Resistance Training With Cardio
In contrast to the multi-station home gyms from PowerTec, we have machines that combine resistance training with cardio.
These are usually bodyweight controlled machines that support indoor rowing. However, we wouldn’t recommend them as an alternative to true cardio equipment.
Powertec Fitness produce some of the top plate loaded home gyms in the world, with over 2years of experience.
The Workbench Multi System (WB-MS) is the best home gym machine from Powertec, in terms of exercise options. It also lets you lift much heavier weights than you can with a Weider or Marcy home gym.
With their Workbench, the weight capacities are: 400 lbs lat lever, 500 lbs press arms, and 500 lbs on the squat lever arm.
The first generation of Total Gym was released in 197Since then, the company has become one of the market leaders for glideboard equipment.
Their machines tend to be more expensive than the Weider or Vigorfit designs. But with over 3.million units sold, Total Gym remain one of the most popular suppliers of compact home gyms.
They also provide fitness, workout, and nutrition DVDs with many of their home gyms, such as the Total Gym XLS.
This is a company that specialize in full body workouts and physical therapy exercises for your home. Their fitness equipment is easy to move around and requires minimal floor space.
A name synonymous with bodybuilding nutrition and health supplements. Weider have also developed a range of home gyms, including their Total Body Works 5000 and Ultimate Body Works models.
Unfortunately, their selectorized 2980 X Weight System can’t compete with the Powerline and Bowflex designs. Weider also have a bestselling power tower.
We also have home gym reviews for the following brands:
Size of the workout area
It sounds obvious, but check whether you have enough space to setup your new equipment. This could be using a measuring tape, or if you buy from Precor or Body Solid, an online room planner.
Consider any changes in dimensions due to body movement. Inversion tables, for example, may require more height than their dimensions suggest. This is due to their unique rotating design.
Foldable for easy storage
With cardio equipment, you get a pretty good idea of the size from the machines at your local gym.
Larger leverage systems are going to be fixed position, so you can’t do much to reduce their footprint. But some of the Bowflex gyms allow you to fold their rails up, to preserve space when not in use.
So would you need to fold the machine between workouts, or do you have enough space to leave it setup?
Upgrading the resistance as your strength improves is one thing. But what about adding entirely new workout stations?
This isn’t an option for most home gyms, but some designs can be expanded. You could buy an upper body workout station, then add lower body and cable crossover stations in the future.
A lifetime warranty on parts and frame sets it ahead of other glideboard trainers. VigorFit Power Bands also provide over 18lbs of additional resistance (440 lbs total).
Weider Ultimate Body Works is limited to 50 lbs, created by the bands, so this is a noticeable improvement. Tougher resistance also helps prolong its life when you make future strength gains.
As for storage, the fold and roll-away process is like the Total Gym, but at a fraction of the cost.
The Total Gym is a glideboard trainer that relies on bodyweight and incline for resistance, similar to the Weider model.
However, the increased weight capacity and longer warranty are a big improvement. Total Gym XLS supports up to 400 lbs, with a 6-month warranty on parts and lifetime warranty on the frame.
Folded dimensions are also smaller than the Ultimate Body Works, as the main glide rail folds in half.
Being nearly fully assembled is a bonus, and attachment options let you expand on the 80+ exercises already available.
Easy to use and accessible for beginners, but the resistance may not prove challenging for serious strength training and bodybuilders.
Overall, the Total Gym XLS is the most compact system for home gyms. This is due to its small folded footprint and impressive frame strength.
However, the VigorFit would is our top choice for the best compact home gym. It has some significant improvements in the number of resistance levels, cushioning, and warranty coverage.
How we picked
Our original test stands. Photo: Ed Grabianowski
We wanted a Christmas tree stand that could serve two primary functions: Keep the tree standing upright, and keep it watered.
A good stand can hold the tree up and make it look straight, even if the tree itself is a bit crooked. To create stability, the stand needs a heavy base to lower the tree’s center of gravity and keep it balanced. For size, it should have an opening wide enough to accommodate a roughly 4- to 6-inch trunk diameter—that’s the ballpark thickness of your average Christmas tree, which has a height of or feet, according to the National Christmas Tree Association.
Second, it needs a sizeable reservoir of water to keep the tree moist and “alive” (or at least prevent it from drying out and losing all its needles) for as long as possible. A dry tree is not only ugly and messy, it’s a fire hazard. Though this is rare, it does happen—according to the National Fire Protection Association, between 200and 2013, Christmas trees were the source of an average of 2home fires each year, according to a National Fire Protection Association. So how much water is enough? The National Christmas Tree Association notes that, “Generally, a tree can use up to one quart of water per day for each inch of stem diameter.” That’s 1½ gallons each day for a 6-inch-diameter tree. Larger water capacity is always better, so you’re not constantly worried about watering the tree.
The Krinner’s unique fastening mechanism is far simpler and easier to use than any other tree stand.
We tested the Krinner on two trees: a 6-foot-tree, which we put up unassisted, and a bigger 8-foot-tree, which was easier with a second person. As long as you can heave the tree into the Krinner’s open jaws, you may be able to manage it on your own. This is a huge distinction between the Krinner and basically every other stand, which forces you to get down on your belly to tighten individual bolts. Even for a smaller tree, that’s nearly impossible to do without help.
The Krinner’s five claws close with a ratcheting foot pedal. Photo: Ed Grabianowski
One of the Krinner’s other major advantages is the ability to handle a wide range of trunk sizes. With the claws cranked all the way down, this stand will hold a tree with a trunk as small as inch in diameter. The maximum trunk diameter it will accept is inches. That gives you a lot of flexibility on tree sizes. When testing on our smaller tree, with its 3.5-inch diameter trunk, some other stands’ screws could barely extend far enough to meet the trunk (and they wouldn’t work with a tree any smaller than that).
Once the tree is installed, it’s hard to overemphasize how stable this stand is. In our stability testing, the Krinner Tree Genie XXL was able to max out our force gauge at 50 Newtons when testing with both small and tall trees. The tree stand even outlasted the test materials: We bent the hook on the force gauge trying to get it to tip over, and at one point we snapped the twine we had tied to the tree. The stand itself weighs 1pounds, which you might expect to make it stable, but it actually has a smaller footprint than most of the other stands. That’s another advantage: It’s easier to store during the non-Christmas months.
The Krinner has a 2½-gallon water reservoir. Of the tested stands, only the runner-up Cinco is larger, with a 3-gallon capacity. But 2½ gallons is plenty large: A tree of roughly to feet in height has a trunk diameter of about to inches, and will usually take in 1½ gallons or less per day. In fact, you should even be able to relax a little about watering, as you may not need to each day. A gauge on the tank will tell you what the water level is between fillings.
Because most of the basin is enclosed, the Krinner has a water-level gauge. Photo: Ed Grabianowski
One last feature worth mentioning: This is the most attractive tree stand of everything we tested. If you want to set up a tree on your porch or some other area where a tree skirt isn’t practical, it will still look nice.
Flaws but not dealbreakers
As with most tree stands, watering the tree’s reservoir is still a chore, and you have to be careful when filling it. The majority of the Krinner’s reservoir is enclosed, and there is only a small space near the trunk for watering. You could make the case that this narrow opening has advantages—pets will not be able to easily drink from it and gifts are less likely to fall into it. The gauge that tells you how much water is in the stand also has a very clear “Stop” indicator that shows when you’ve filled it enough. However, there is no overflow tray, a feature some other stands have that we’d like to have seen here.
Almost every negative review mentions the same problem: water leaking from the base. This is obviously a huge flaw, but it’s rare. Most of these problems seem to be happening between seasons, so if you’re taking a used stand out of storage, fill it once on your driveway or sidewalk and watch for a leak before you set it up indoors.
The Black & Decker Smart Stand comes in two sizes. The smaller size can handle only up to a 4½-inch trunk and has a reservoir of less than a gallon. The larger size is similar to the Krinner in capacity but isn’t available at any major retailers. The Steel Welded Large Tree Stand and the Resin Tree Stand, like so many others, hold the tree with four bolts that must be threaded the entire way in. The water reservoir is also much smaller than those of the Krinner and Cinco. The Holiday Time Christmas Tree Stand is inexpensive but looks flimsy and also supports the tree with simple bolts.
Our original 201hands-on testing included the Contech Enterprises TS940Indoor Steel Christmas Tree Stand and the currently unavailable Emerald Innovations XTSSwivel Straight Tree Stand For 12′ Tree (also known as the 1-Minute Tree Stand). Neither was as stable as the Tree Genie XXL or the Cinco. The Emerald Innovations started to tip at 30 Newtons of pulling force, and the Contech tipped at 2Newtons. Performance was similar with large and small trees. Both the Emerald Innovations and Contech stands have 1½-gallon reservoirs—sufficient, but the smallest among tested models.
The Emerald Innovations stand in particular had our hopes up because it lets you adjust the angle of the tree by pressing a foot pedal and turning the tree on a large ball joint. But the initial setup proved more of a hassle than any other method: A separate sleeve fits over the tree’s trunk while it’s lying down, and you secure it with screw-down clamps. Then you fit the sleeve and tree together into the base. The frustrating setup, along with the lack of stability, outweighed the otherwise cool design.
We looked at, but didn’t test, the Santa’s Solution Steel Extreme. This expensive stand accommodates trunks up to inches in diameter and has a 2-gallon water well. The name is quite apt: The Steel Extreme is imposing, but it still uses only the traditional bolt design. If you can spend this much on a stand, save a few bucks and get the much simpler Krinner.
We dismissed the Iron Mountain Welded, which had decent reviews but only a 90-day warranty. After hours of research, we couldn’t figure out who made the stand or where you’d go for service if you had a problem.
The Oasis tree stand can hold a tree up to feet tall. But its water capacity maxes out at 1½ gallons, which is enough for only a 7-foot tree to drink from comfortably. The Santa’s Solution Steel Arm Plastic Tree Stand can accommodate trees no taller than feet. The Cinco Classic and Jack Post Stand each max out at feet.
Tips for choosing your 3D printer
Before starting, it’s important to know what features and properties are most important for your making needs. A schoolteacher wanting to introduce their classroom to the principles of STEM will probably prioritize safety, plug’n’play, and low-cost, whereas a mechanical engineer needing custom 3D printed prototypes will look for higher resolution, speed, and even multi-material capabilities.
3D Printer Technology: The majority of consumer 3D printers can be divided into two main categories: FDM (fused deposition modeling, also known as FFF) technology, and SLA (sterelithography). With FDM, plastic filament is heated and passed through an extruder, which deposits it layer by layer into a 3D shape that hardens as it cools. FDM technology is generally quite affordable, and allows for a range of materials (we’ll talk more about that later).
SLA 3D printing involves focusing a light source (UV lamp or laser) into a vat of photopolymer resin. The light hardens the resin into precise, predetermined patterns, building up the 3D object. Though not as common as FDM (due mainly to its higher cost, maintenance and post-processing needs), SLA has the advantage of creating much more precise and professionally finished 3D printed objects, and is therefore becoming more sought after for prototyping and end-use needs. In our 2013D Printer Buyer’s Guide, the SLA 3D printers are in a separate category at the end.
Build Volume: Most desktop 3D printers are quite limited in their size, but for household projects, this usually isn’t a problem. Some models, such as the Rostock MAX, are prized for their larger build volume. Keep in mind, however, that it is also quite common to 3D print multiple small parts of a design and assemble or glue them together afterwards.
3D Printing Materials: FMD 3D printers most commonly use PLA or ABS filaments. PLA is biodegradable and generally quite affordable, but it can be brittle and break easily. On the flipside, ABS is more flexible, yet requires a heated bed to print. Other FDM-friendly materials include nylon, bronze and copper composites, wood-based filaments, and more, most of which are available in a wide variety of colors. Keep in mind that some 3D printer companies require users to buy their proprietary filaments, which can drive up costs.
For SLA resins, color choices are more limited, and they can be more expensive, but for some designers, the smoother, higher-resolution finish is worth it.
Speed and Resolution: Consumer 3D printers are notorious for being slow. The majority range from around 50-100mm/s, but as the technology advances, so too will the speed. At the same time, many 3D printers are capable of achieving quite high resolutions, from 200 down to as little as 20 (keep in mind that the lower the actual number, the higher and better the resolution will be). Some 3D printer models give users the option of increasing the speed by producing thicker layers, thereby reducing the resolution. The acceptable trade-off between speed and resolution will entirely depend on your needs as a maker, so keep that in mind when choosing your 3D printer.
Others: Multiple extruders, heated beds, closed frames, USB or WiFi, DIY Kits…There is so much more to take into consideration before you buy a 3D printer. Do you want to print in multiple colors or materials? Then you’ll need a dual-extruder model. 3D printing with ABS or other specialty materials often requires a heated and/or enclosed print bed, both for consistency and safety. For classrooms or shared workspaces, WiFi connectivity can be considered a bonus, but USB remains the standard. And then there are the questions of software (open source or proprietary?), add-ons, and the option of buying a DIY Kit so you can build and customize the 3D printer yourself.
The first 3D printer on our list is the M3D Micro, which also made it to our
Cheapest 3D Printers of 201roundup for one obvious reason: excellent value for money. This
Shop pod coffee machines
Pod coffee machines use disposable capsules filled with coffee. The coffee is blended, roasted, ground and then sealed in pods. Once you put the coffee pod into the machine, water is heated and forced through, releasing the flavour and coffee into the cup.
There’s a variety of capsule systems available from different brands. Tassimo and Nescafe Dolce Gusto machines use plastic pods to create different types of coffee. Nespresso use infinitely recyclable aluminium capsules, available in Original and Vertuo pod types. Original offers a range of classic espresso blends while Vertuo capsules are available in four cup sizes to suit your coffee style.
Shop filter coffee machines
Filter coffee machines are ideal for making larger quantities of freshly brewed coffee. The water slowly drips through a container holding the ground coffee, using either a permanent or paper filter. As the water flows through, it absorbs the flavours and aromas of the coffee.
The filter coffee is then ready to serve from the pot or carafe and is usually kept warm on a hot plate. Filter coffee machines come in different cup volumes depending on the number of cups you want to make in one sitting.
Shop espresso coffee machines
Pump espresso machines have a separate water tank and a fast Thermoblock heating system which heats the water to the optimum temperature. The water is then pushed through the coffee filter holder at the correct bar pressure to produce a rich, smooth espresso.
Thermoblock heating systems heat water to the optimum temperature (around 90°) needed for a rich espresso. Machines with a thermoblock system are fast, efficient and avoid overheating the coffee which leaves behind a bitter taste.
Chris Kropf grows 13acres of apples. “We have used it regularly for the last few years,” he said. “Some of our varieties are way too vigorous, and it seems to help reduce bitter pit. Bitter pit is associated with high vigor, and vigor also makes it hard to set fruit.”
Kropf, who is Michigan’s sales representative for Valent USA as well as a grower, says he and many other Fruit Ridge growers have strong soils. “We planted too big a rootstock, M.26, on some virgin soil,” he said. So he root-pruned Gala, Jonagold, Gingergold, and Golden Delicious. “We definitely set more fruit on the treated trees and reduced bitter pit,” he said. “We got smaller fruit, firmer fruit, and better color.”
A problem for Fruit Ridge area growers is variable soils, with weaker soils on eroded hilltops and silty, high-organic matter soils in the valleys.
Dan Dietrich at Ridgeview Orchards in Conklin talked to growers who visited the family’s farm during RidgeFest in July. Their rolling orchard, operated by Joe, Al, Dan, and Ryan, can become a mixture of large and small, productive and nonproductive, trees. They’ve used trunk scoring—even removing wedges of trunk wood—to control vigor and this year used root pruning extensively.
They try to target the problem areas, but that’s not easy.
Chuck Rasch noted the same problem—uneven soils and uneven trees. But he finds it hard to prune selectively. The arms and the blades must reach under the limbs, close to the trunks, and there’s not much clearance to raise the pruner, which is running 1inches into the ground.
Tom Rasch, a grower from Belding, east of Grand Rapids, uses root pruning almost every year. “I’ve used it for over 2years, and I use it every year on all my Macs,” he said.
McIntosh are quite vigorous. “You want a weaker tree or else you get big, soft fruit,” he said. “We want it smaller and firm.”
Paulared is another early, soft variety that was popular on the Ridge 2years ago and prompted the use of root pruning.
Rasch also uses Apogee (prohexadione calcium) to control shoot growth, and says root pruning is “a last resort for correcting a mistake. We chose too big a rootstock for the soil and the variety, so it was growing and not bearing, and we couldn’t get it to crop.”
Twenty years ago, he said, growers like himself were choosing M.2and Malling-Merton 10rootstocks. “We were scared of the 9s,” he said. Trees were also spaced more widely apart. “Be sure you prune that tree and thin it well, or you’ll get a bunch of itty-bitty apples,” Tom Rasch cautioned.
Chuck Rasch said the trees need good support and irrigation should be available. A dry season after root pruning can really hurt apple size.
The Phil Brown machine has blades at the end of arms that can move in or out hydraulically. The “rule of thumb” seems to be to set the blades to cut at full depth, 1inches, at a distance from the tree of about three times the trunk diameter. That would put the blade 1inches away from a six-inch tree. A skid plate behind the blade closes the slot in the ground.
Brown, who builds the root pruner and has sold units in Michigan and New York, summarized its effects this way: “The main thing, it controls the size of the tree. It’ll enhance color and make a firmer apple. It also downsizes the fruit a little bit, and some fruit is just too big. It slows tree growth and saves a lot of pruning. On over-vigorous ground, it’s like going to a smaller rootstock. “If you have a freezeout year and no fruit to hold back the vigor that year, root pruning can help,” he said. “It’s hard to pull,” Tom Rasch said. “It sometimes takes two tractors.” Fruit growers often don’t have the large tractors field crop growers have, however mainly it is stability more than power that’s needed. The lead tractor serves to keep everything in line.
Rasch’s one-row pruner’s blade runs under the tree, to the right side of the tractor, so the tractor wants to pull right. The two-row pruner runs straighter, but it takes more power.
Chuck Rasch uses a 100-horsepower four-wheel-drive tractor to pull his.
Michigan State University horticulturist Ron Perry used a root pruner last year to try to restrict the size of Montmorency tart cherry trees to make them harvestable with an over-the-row berry harvester. In searching the literature, he noted there was a lot of research and interest in the practice several years ago. “The practice became popular when apple growers were using semi-dwarfing rootstocks and finding that trees were shading neighboring trees due to tight spacing,” he said. “Studies have demonstrated that restricting root extension and volume by pruning with a sub-soiling knife can reduce canopy volume and vigor of fruit trees by nearly 30 percent.”
Tart cherries are not currently grown on dwarfing rootstocks, so trying root pruning seemed like something worthwhile. A problem is the practice reduces the Montmorency fruit size about 20 percent, just as it does in apples, but that’s undesirable in cherries. “We are seeing excessive stress for tart cherries when pruning is accomplished in bloom compared to during the pit hardening period,” Perry said. He is currently determining the optimum time to root prune for high-density tart cherries.
Perry noted that interest in root pruning began in the early 1990s, just as growers were making other changes. “Several Michigan growers purchased an implement and in fact hardly used it as they were making the transition to vertical axe and slender spindle on M.stocks,” he said. “Usage went dormant except for guys like Tom Rasch, who loaned me his machine for my cherry work in southwest and northwest Michigan. Tom still has significant acreage on MM.10in multirow beds, which is why he uses his annually.”
Why the resurgence? “I believe that most of the interest lies in growers, especially on the ridge, transitioning to tall spindle systems at 3-by-(foot) spacings and wanting to develop wall systems with summer pruning,” Perry said. “The challenge is that some of the soils are a little fertile and some varieties like Jonagold, Fuji, and Gala can be fairly vigorous and can challenge these spacings.
Apples, November 201Issue, Research, Richard Lehnert, Technology and equipment
Choosing The Right Head
Slik SH-736HD: This fluid-effect three-way pan head with quick release is all metal, and features pan-and-tilt drag controls separate from the pan/tilt handle locks. This allows the photographer to fine-tune the tightness of the movement based on the weight of the camera and lens. Weight: 1.lbs; load capacity: 1lbs.
Smith-Victor GH-100: This is a double-action pistol grip with full panning capability and tension control. It features a dual-locking quick release, as well as a bubble level. It is made from high-impact polycarbonate with aircraft aluminum ball head and platform assembly. Weight: 1.lbs; load capacity: lbs.
Sunpak Compact Pistol Grip Ball Head: Made of lightweight aluminum and magnesium, with a rubber gripping surface, this pistol grip features a quick-release platform with double activated quick-release lock, and full 360˚ rotation. It also comes with three bubble levels and one bull’s-eye level. Weight: 0.7lbs; load capacity: 15.lbs.
Pistol grip head: Also known as a grip-handle head, this variation on the ball head greatly simplifies operation of the head by providing an oversized squeeze trigger that releases tension on the ball to allow movement in any direction, while letting go of the trigger locks the ball in place. The panning function, where provided, may be primarily intended as an aid to composing stitched panoramas. Even though the camera/lens appears balanced when the friction knob is loosened somewhat, it’s safest to set it to the maximum/locked position (unless there’s a separate locking function) to prevent creep or a drop. Some pistol grips require strong pressure to release the ball joint, which may not be suitable for arthritic hands or a weak grip. I would limit use to lenses no larger than 70-200mm f/with a tripod mount.
Gimbal head: This type of head, somewhat odd looking and usually costly, is relished by bird, wildlife, and action enthusiasts. In contrast to typical tripod usage, you never actually let go of the camera when shooting because the whole idea is to enable you to better and more smoothly track a flying bird or other fast-moving subject, owing to ultra-smooth panning movement in the head and the freely swinging camera seated or suspended in the mount. However, a gimbal head does require time to set up properly, as the camera/lens combo must be correctly balanced so that the head will remain stationary whether level or tilted. Head manufacturers may offer a gimbal conversion head that attaches to any top-quality ball head with an Arca-Swiss-type quick-release mount. work because the three-way geared movement is ultra-precise. What’s more, the head doesn’t need to be locked down, as the geared movement does that automatically.
Panoramic head/base: It could be as simple as a basic rotating platform for stitched panoramas. Etched markings indicate detent positions and may represent degrees or lens focal lengths, as applicable.
Leveling head and leveling ball/base: This device assists in leveling the camera, regardless of the terrain, thereby avoiding the need to splay the legs unevenly and possibly destabilize the tripod. It is especially handy for stitched panoramas.
Kootek Cooler Pad Chill Mat 5
The Kootek Cooler Pad Chill Mat has a silly name. It doesn’t have extra USB ports. But it offers a level of cooling capability that easily surpasses that of every other cooling pad we tested. Internal temperatures dropped more than 30 degrees (a combined average across multiple tests and laptops), and external temperatures were reduced by 1degrees. While air cooling can’t do much to substantially improve performance, this pad does keep things cooler better than its peers, and that’s enough to garner the top spot in our reviews. The pad has an adjustable stand, with angles between 0 and 2degrees, and the whole thing is covered by a generous three-year warranty.
Targus Lap Chill Mat AWE55US
The Targus Lap Chill Mat AWE55US is not the best laptop pad we saw for cooling your laptop; in fact, it reduced internal temperatures by only a degree or two. What it does do, however, is provide a cooling solution that will work on your lap as well as on a table. The wedge-shaped stand has open sides for open airflow and is covered with a soft layer of neoprene for unrivalled comfort when used in bed or while kicked back on a couch. A lot of the heating problems that people experience arise from setting a laptop on a blanket or pillow for casual use, so the Targus is one of the best solutions we’ve seen to the most common overheating problem.
Tree New Bee Cooling Pad TNB-K0025
You probably haven’t heard of Tree New Bee, but the company’s cooling pad is pretty good. It reduced external temperatures by an average of 1degrees Fahrenheit and reduced internal heat by a full 1degrees, making it one of the better coolers we saw for actual cooling.
Unfortunately, it also rattled like an angry snake when we first turned it on, thanks to a slightly warped chassis that caused one fan to strike the cowling on every rotation. A little manual flexing fixed the problem. The feature set is fairly plain, with one extra USB port and an adjustable angle that has two height settings.
Cooler Master NotePal X-Slim
A USB pass-through connection built into the USB power cable means you can still access all of your laptop’s ports, but we wish it offered something in the way of adjustable fan speed. Mercifully, it is one of the few coolers we reviewed that doesn’t light up like a blue glowing Christmas tree when plugged in.
Belkin CoolSpot F5L055
The Belkin CoolSpot is simple, but even in a category in which simplicity is to be expected, this pad is a bit too spartan for our liking. The small laptop cooler is made for laptops up to 1inches in size, and it comes with a single 70-millimeter fan, with no adjustments for speed or angle.
Thin stainless steel
Stainless steel can be made from thin or thick rods, but I prefer the thin ones that allow more radiant heat through, especially for charcoal grills. The problem with thick rods is that they block radiant heat and make large dark grill marks. But if you read my article on grill marks, you will see why I think they are not as desirable as an all over even browning.
Stainless steel grates are not to be confused with chrome or nickel plated grates (below) which are not as long lived.
The real advantage to stainless steel is that it has the same life span as a redwood tree and it is easy to clean. The good ones will never rust or corrode (read Max Good’s article on stainless steel). Cheap stainless eventually ceases to be stainless, and you will need to replace them. You don’t want rust or other oxides from the grill grates on your food.
Here’s a link to a 24″ SS grates for Eggs & Kamados
Here’s a link for 11/2″ SS grates for Eggs & Kamados with a hinge on one side
Here’s a link for 22″ SS hinged grates for the Weber Kettle (I love mine)
Here’s a link for 18″ SS hinged grates for 18.5″ Weber Kettles
Here’s a link to Stainless Grill Grate, a company that can custom make SS grates for any grill.
The Hovergrill increases the cooking surface on Weber Kettles and it can also be used to lift coals for searing steaks
Made by the Smokenator people, this is a quality stainless steel grate with legs that can do two great things for your cooking.
1) It stands on top of your Weber Kettle’s cooking grate, pretty much doubling its capacity.
Western hemlock is the single most plentiful tree species on the coast of British Columbia. It grows along both the east and west sides of the Coast Range, from sea level to mid–elevations, as well as in the Interior wet belt west of the Rocky Mountains. On average it typically grows 30 to 50 metres tall and to 1.metres in diameter.
Western hemlock is firmly established as an outstanding wood for moldings and is also used for interior woodworking. Other uses include: doors, windows, interior finish, floors, suspended ceilings, ladders, and other purposes where a high-grade softwood is needed. In addition, our Western hemlock lumber is kiln dried which inhibits natural staining of the wood, improves its strength and stiffness, enhances its appearance, and increases its resistance to decay and attack by insects.
Western hemlock appears nearly white to pale brown with a purplish tinge and is straight-grained, fairly even in texture, and somewhat lustrous.
Western Red Cedar
Western Red Cedar is a tall and broad tree – easily growing to 150-200 feet, with a conical and irregular crown and many leaders while being the broadest in the northwest, with a buttressed base easily reaching two to eight feet in diameter, surpassing 15-20 feet at found-level in the oldest specimens. It is most commonly found in the lush forests of moist habitats- forested swamps, riparian areas and stream banks.
An internet search for western red cedar products reveals the versatility of this species’ soft wood. A leader in shingles and siding, other classic uses include poles, fences, decks, windows and doors, frames and moldings, paneling, greenhouses, outdoor furniture, saunas, boats, gazebos, and much more.
It provides some of the lightest wood of the conifers, soft in texture and easily worked without specialized equipment. Despite that, it is one of the most durable woods in the world. Finished correctly, western red cedar products will last for decades – even centuries – weathering and aging year after year, holding their own in the elements.
The wood is also exceptionally aromatic. Properly sealed, it may retain its pungent odor for longer than a century, repelling moths and other pests – one reason for its popularity in paneling for closets and lining storage chests. It’s also extraordinarily attractive – richly textured, with fine, even, straight grain in warm tones of amber, cinnamon, and sienna, with a lush, satin luster.
The beauty of this wood compliments virtually all architectural designs – from the very old to the most modern.
Built to last.
Every session causes your sauna to expand and contract, wearing-out over time. DuraPanels™ extend the life of your sauna. Made from Eco Certified Red Cedar and Hemlock wood, your sauna will last many years as it resists splitting and cracking caused by temperature change. Whether you live in temperate or extreme climate, rest assured that your sauna will endure over time.
On-Tap Digital Control. Add your touch.
Select the desired session temperature and time using the control panel of your far-infrared sauna. Relax and detoxify, sweat, or benefit from heat therapy. Adjust temperature to reach your desired goals. Simply set and let your sauna do the rest.
Trust and relax.
Intelligently developed for your peace of mind. Sauna shuts off as timer reaches pre-set time. After a long busy day, do no other but rest by taking a relaxing sauna session. Feel free to confidently fall asleep and awake to a new you.
Cheeks like a chipmunk
In addition, the extension of the cheek plates helps ensure that the sling remains in proper contact with the bushing, and the rigging line in proper contact with the sheave, while rounded edges help minimize rope damage should the line get trapped or run between the edge and the tree.
Pulleys, as mentioned previously, are not the same piece of gear as a block in the tree industry. They should, perhaps, be thought of as the slender, more sensitive, but still quite useful, cousin of the big, burly arborist block.
An arborist block-note the bushing-being used as the traveler in a balance slide line rigging system. PHOTO: Michael Tain
There are a wide variety of pulleys available to modern arborists, and far too many configurations to all be discussed here. The few listed below give a good introduction to some of their appropriate applications.
A spider leg used to balance a load, one of the rigging applications that is much easier to control readily through the use of blocks and pulleys. PHOTO: Michael Tain
Terms such as breaking strength, safe working load and working load limit are a discussion all to themselves, but prospective block and pulley users should be aware of the strengths of their chosen devices and how they will function within the chosen application.
In short, a listed breaking strength is just that, the one-time load the pulley or block should take before breaking. Multiple uses will incrementally reduce that breaking strength, and multiple uses near the maximum strength of the block or pulley will reduce its strength even more severely, thus care and caution must be used when employing rigging systems and the blocks/pulleys within them.
Pulleys and blocks can increase the safety and efficiency of both individual climbers and entire tree crews, but only if they are being used appropriately and correctly. The basic knowledge, descriptions and limitations discussed here are a good first step toward helping tree care professionals use blocks and pulleys to battle friction in the pursuit of safe, efficient tree care.
The Powerfit vibration machine employs a 200W motor to deliver oscillating (pivotal) vibrations to the plate. There are pre-programmed exercise routines available; the primary goal of these programs is to introduce muscle confusion into the workout. The unit has 99-speed settings.
Genki Vibration Platform 2nd Gen has an easy-to-read display showing how much time has elapsed per session and which speed mode you have chosen. There are 120 Speed Levels available, along with
Auto Running Program. What’s more, its portability is ideal for use in an office or hotel room.
Genki Vibration Platform 2nd Gen is easy to set up and use. Its generous dimensions should provide users of all sizes a sense of security during use. And its entire platform has a non-slip surface, allowing users to wear standard athletic shoes. Users can do different positions for each one-minute set, from standing to deep squats and push-ups. (Vibration therapy may be viewed by many as a passive form of exercise, but there is indeed a great deal of muscle engagement!) Genki Vibration Platform 2nd Gen truly understands the requirements of a gym-quality machine.
The weight limit of Powerfit is only 120kg while Genki has a 150kg limit.
If weight limit is too low, it could be a serious drawback for heavier consumers who want to explore WBV for weight loss. Assembly can be difficult, according to some people. We give props to this model for its centrally located, easy-to-read display unit.
WBV trainers vary in a number of features, including frequency, amplitude and horsepower. Amplitude is the distance the plate travels from the lowest to the highest position, measured in millimetres per vibration.
The higher the amplitude, the more intense the workout. Genki Vibration Platform 2nd Gen has a great amplitude from 0-12mm.
Frequency refers to how fast the plate can vibrate, measured in impulses per second. A higher frequency provides more force to your bones and muscles, resulting in a more intense workout. Genki Vibration Platform 2nd Gen has a speed range of 120 Speed Levels while Powerfit has 9levels. Regarding horsepower, Powerfit has 200W Max Power and Genki Vibration Machine has 100W Unit Average Power.
As you can see from the above table, the Genki Vibration Platform 2nd Gen come in at around 1/the price of the Powerfit! That’s a huge difference and given that you could buy for the price of 1, it is definitely something to consider. Most importantly, both Genki and Powerfit have the same 1-year warranty.
CrazySales strongly believes in offering products which offer good value to our customers. We offer not only a good price, but also ensuring that when customers buy a product from us, they are a customer for life.
Focus on Home Gym Equipment
Come and see Australia’s most popular Gym Equipment. At Genki, we develop products with the exerciser in mind. We improve so that you can improve. Our home product offering has developed and expanded greatly over the past decade. No matter if you are new to training or starting your own personal training business, you can find the perfect products here. Genki Gym Equipment includes Abdominal Machines, Exercise Bikes, Strength Training Equipment and the most popular,
Genki products are the only choice for home exercisers looking for the best brand in fitness. It’s club-quality equipment, that’s built for the home.
First of all thanks for reading my article to the end! I hope you find my reviews listed here useful and that it allows you to make a proper comparison of what is best to fit your needs and budget. Don’t be afraid to try more than one product if your first pick doesn’t do the trick.
Most important, have fun and choose your Plate Trees wisely! Good luck!
So, TOP3 of Plate Trees
- №1 — CAP Barbell 2 in. Plate Rack
- №2 — Fitness Reality X-Class Olympic Weight Tree
- №3 — Marcy Plate Tree for Standard Size Weight Plates/Storage Rack for Exercise Weights PT-36